Differences between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes
Differences between Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes. We hear and see soo much information in the news about Type 2 diabetes but not much about the more serious Type 1 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes affects more than 30 million Americans which is almost 10% of the population. Another 84 million Americans have prediabetes which if not treated will lead to Type 2 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes affects 1.25 million children and adults in the U.S.
Type 2 diabetes is mainly caused by poor lifestyle choices. People and children who suffer from obesity and eat a poor diet are at higher risk of this disease. People who have high blood pressure and lead an inactive lifestyle are also at increased risk of developing Type 2 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes cannot be prevented by lifestyle changes or managed with diet and exercise. With this disease, the body doesn’t produce insulin which is necessary for cells to absorb and use glucose in the body.
Type 1 diabetes is a very serious condition that normally starts around age 14. The disease can also start in adults up to the age of 40. Once a person has been diagnosed with this disease, they will have to take insulin for the rest of their life. Type 1 diabetes causes their immune system to attack the cells in the pancreas that would normally make insulin. Without insulin, glucose can’t penetrate the cells in the body and the glucose stays in the blood. If they do not take insulin for this condition, they could die.
Some of the physical symptoms of Type 1 diabetes include:
Increased hunger and thirst
Unexplained weight loss
If these symptoms are not addressed, many dangerous complications can occur. Too much glucose in the blood can lead to eye problems or blindness. Diabetic neuropathy results when high blood sugar causes poor circulation and the nerves in both hands and feet can burn and become painful. Kidney disease and kidney failure can also occur due to the inability of the kidney to process all the glucose. Heart disease, stroke, and heart attacks are also possible. Depression is also prevalent among people who suffer from this disease.
Diabetic ketoacidosis or DKA is a very serious complication that can occur when a person does not get enough insulin. DKA leads to very high blood sugar levels where the body starts breaking down fat instead of sugar. When this happens, the person must be hospitalized immediately and treated with intravenous insulin. DKA is a life-threatening complication for Type 1 patients.
Differences between Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes. Type 1 is a more extreme form of Type 2 diabetes that affects people normally from ages 14-40. This disease cannot be prevented with lifestyle changes and must be treated with a lifetime of insulin. Know the symptoms and get checked as it can save your life.